Saturday, 21 March 2015

Pope Francis on the death penalty - opinions are not magisterial

Vatican Radio reports that Pope Francis said that "no crime ever deserves the death penalty."

He has also said in the past that a life sentence is like a "death sentence." Presumably, it would follow that Charles Manson and Paul Bernardo should be let out of prison.

The Pope has a personal opinion and in my opinion, he is wrong.

This is no more magisterial than if he were to say tomorrow that the moon is made of creamed cheese.

The danger here is that the establishment Catholic media and others will use this for political argument. This Pope continues to invade into areas that are out of his league, as his comments on economics and the soon to come the environment encyclical display. Frankly, it is Marxist rhetoric. I am not calling the Bishop of Rome a Marxist but his rhetoric on these issues are not founded in the doctrine of the Church as articulated in the Catechism and seem to come from a 1970's mentality of South American Jesuits imbued with their heretical internationalist and liberationist theologies.

The Pope is entitled to his personal opinions. The Pope is not entitled to state it in such a way that it can be interpreted as Magisterial. 

Vox.

http://en.radiovaticana.va/news/2015/03/20/pope_francis_no_crime_ever_deserves_the_death_penalty/1130871


From the Catechism of the Catholic Church

http://www.vatican.va/archive/ccc_css/archive/catechism/p3s2c2a5.htm

Legitimate defense

2263 The legitimate defense of persons and societies is not an exception to the prohibition against the murder of the innocent that constitutes intentional killing. "The act of self-defense can have a double effect: the preservation of one's own life; and the killing of the aggressor. . . . The one is intended, the other is not."65

2264 Love toward oneself remains a fundamental principle of morality. Therefore it is legitimate to insist on respect for one's own right to life. Someone who defends his life is not guilty of murder even if he is forced to deal his aggressor a lethal blow:

If a man in self-defense uses more than necessary violence, it will be unlawful: whereas if he repels force with moderation, his defense will be lawful. . . . Nor is it necessary for salvation that a man omit the act of moderate self-defense to avoid killing the other man, since one is bound to take more care of one's own life than of another's.66
2265 Legitimate defense can be not only a right but a grave duty for one who is responsible for the lives of others. The defense of the common good requires that an unjust aggressor be rendered unable to cause harm. For this reason, those who legitimately hold authority also have the right to use arms to repel aggressors against the civil community entrusted to their responsibility.

2266 The efforts of the state to curb the spread of behavior harmful to people's rights and to the basic rules of civil society correspond to the requirement of safeguarding the common good. Legitimate public authority has the right and duty to inflict punishment proportionate to the gravity of the offense. Punishment has the primary aim of redressing the disorder introduced by the offense. When it is willingly accepted by the guilty party, it assumes the value of expiation. Punishment then, in addition to defending public order and protecting people's safety, has a medicinal purpose: as far as possible, it must contribute to the correction of the guilty party.67

2267 Assuming that the guilty party's identity and responsibility have been fully determined, the traditional teaching of the Church does not exclude recourse to the death penalty, if this is the only possible way of effectively defending human lives against the unjust aggressor.

If, however, non-lethal means are sufficient to defend and protect people's safety from the aggressor, authority will limit itself to such means, as these are more in keeping with the concrete conditions of the common good and more in conformity to the dignity of the human person.

Today, in fact, as a consequence of the possibilities which the state has for effectively preventing crime, by rendering one who has committed an offense incapable of doing harm - without definitely taking away from him the possibility of redeeming himself - the cases in which the execution of the offender is an absolute necessity "are very rare, if not practically nonexistent."68

3 comments:

BillyHW said...

Is it too much to ask for a pope that teaches Catholicism?

hereisjorgebergoglio said...

Francis thinks his letter is magisterium:

"I’m constantly making statements, giving homilies. That’s magisterium. That’s what I think, not what the media say that I think. Check it out; it’s very clear."
(Francis in Elisabetta Pique interview)

source: http://americamagazine.org/issue/we-must-reach-out

Vox Cantoris said...

Yes, he said that too and that is also his opinion.

Well, we know that old joke about opinions.